Abhay Bang, M.D., is the Director of the Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health (SEARCH), which he started in 1984. He and his wife, Dr. Rani Bang, live and work in Gadchiroli in India where they provide medical care and conduct research in 100 villages. Dr. Bang and SEARCH developed a new approach, ‘Home-based Newborn and Child Care,’ which has significantly reduced the infant mortality rate. This research has been selected as a milestone paper to be included in the Vintage Lancet. This approach has been incorporated in the national program by the Government of India, and has now been accepted by the WHO/UNICEF for the areas which lack access to hospital based care. He has received the highest honor of the Maharashtra state, a national award from the Indian Council of Medical Research, and has been honored by Save the Children and the MacArthur Foundation. Abhay and Rani were honored by Time magazine as ‘Global Health Heroes’ in 2005. He has written an award winning autobiographical book on his heart disease.